Participating countries

Participating countries by number of rounds

Click on a round to isolate map view. 

Click on a country to access additional information on its dedicated National Page (where available).

By adopting rigorous approaches to probability sampling, question-testing, event- recording, translation and response rate enhancement, the ESS has become THE authoritative source of information about changing social values in Europe. 

40 countries have participated in at least one round since 2002/03; 32 countries are participating in ESS Round 10 (2020-22).

European countries are welcome to join the ESS, even if they have previously not taken part or have been absent for some time. The inclusion of new Members enables ESS ERIC to increase the body of comparative data available and leads to lower costs of participation for all the nations involved. Support can be provided by the central ESS team to help prepare countries participating for the first time. 

Participating countries by Round (year)

Select a country to explore information about the ESS, available in their respective local languages.

39
Countries have participated in at least one round of the ESS, providing data on attitudes, beliefs and behaviour.

 

R1

2002

R2

2004

R3

2006

R4

2008

R5

2010

R6

2012

R7

2014

R8

2016

R9

2018

R10

2020

Albania        
Austria 
Belgium
Bulgaria    
Croatia      
Cyprus    
Czechia 
Denmark  
Estonia 
Finland
France
Germany
Greece     
Hungary
Iceland     
Ireland
Israel   
Italy    
Kosovo         
Latvia     
Lithuania   
Luxembourg        
Montenegro        
Netherlands
North Macedonia         
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania       
Russian Federation     
Serbia        
Slovakia   
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Türkiye        
Ukraine     
United Kingdom

 Countries taking part in ESS round but data not yet released

Icon of ESS logo on a map marker placed on an unfolded generic map.

Contact

ESS ERIC Headquarters
ess@city.ac.uk
T: +44 (0)207 0404901