Methodology Overview

A key aim of the ESS has always been to implement high quality standards in its methodology and to improve standards in the field of cross-national surveys more generally. Measuring attitudes cross-nationally has challenges that go beyond those of surveys conducted in a single country or language. The methods used on the ESS are outlined in the Survey Specification, which all countries are required to adhere to when conducting the ESS in their country.

Additional information about the ESS methodology and methodological research can be found in the sub-sections on the left-hand side menu, also accessible from the flowchart below.

ESS Methodology Call for proposals Source questionnaire development Translation assessment Sample design Data collection Monitoring national contexts Data quality and comparability Data and documentation availability Data processing and archiving