Türkiye’de Sosyoekonomik Statü (SES) Gruplarına Göre Temel Değerlerin Farklılaşması
English title: Variation of Basic Values With Respect to Socio Economic Status (SES) Groups in Turkey
Author(s): Mehmet Erkenekli -
Type: Thesis / dissertation
In this study variation of basic values with respect to socio economic status (SES) has been examined. Primarily, the concept of value and cultural value theories have been studied. In this context, “openness to change”, “conservatism”, “self-enhancement”, and “self-transcendence”, which were obtained from countries including Turkey by Schwartz (1992) and have cultural validity, have been accepted as the basic values. Later, the concept of socio economic status and the related theories have been discussed. In this context, the graded SES grouping method, which was developed by Çagil (2006) and has a national representation capability and is based on “occupation and education” variables, has been adopted. With this method, six different SES groups (A, B, C1, C2, D and E) have been formed. The research has been tested on two samples. The first sample has national representation quality. This sample has been obtained from the data base of “European Social Survey” (ESS) financed by EU and Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK). The second sample is a 495-person student group, which has specially been designed so that they possess similar social and demographic qualities except for their family SES. According to the first main finding from the research, statistically, the SES groups differ significantly in terms of “openness to change”, “self-enhancement”, and “self-transcendence”. However, different SES levels of the Turkish society resembled to each other in terms of the basic value, “conservatism”. It has been specified that the strongest basic value agreement in the Turkish society has centered around “conservatism” which comprises “tradition, security and conformity”. According to the findings obtained from the national sample, the higher SES groups (A and B) adopt and value the basic values “openness to change”, “self-transcendence” and “self-enhancement” more than the lower SES groups (D and E). On the other hand, according to the second main finding of the researcher, “modernity” affects the Turkish society positively with respect to the basic values. In this context, among the school-attending children of families belonging to different SES groups, a statistically meaningful difference has not been found in terms of the four basic values.
Awarding institution: no
Number of pages: 168