Влияние демографического статуса и семейного положения на общественное мнение о системе здравоохранения
English title: Influence of family and demographic status on public opinion about public health service
Author(s): Alexandr Sinelnikov -
Type: Journal article
The goal of this article is a study of influence of demographic and family status of Russian respondents on their evaluations of public health service, and also a comparison of public opinion about public health service in Russia and in 27 European countries. The article is based on statistical and sociological analysis of data of 4th round of ESS - European Social Survey 2008. The author compares the evaluations of public health service in 28 countries-participants of ESS project (including Russia). As an integral indicator, a mean ball of evaluation by respondents of public health service is used. Scale of evaluation is from 0 («Extremely bad») to 10 («Extremely good»). Mean evaluation of own national public health service by Russian respondents is 3.56. That's less than in 23 of the 28 countries studied. More high evaluations are typical for respondents below 30 years old. Serious problems of health are relatively rarely and less actual for them than for older respondents who evaluate public health service much more low than young people. Family and demographic status of respondents also provide influence on their evaluations. Married women living with children evaluate public health service higher than childless married women (or living without children). However, there are no significant difference between evaluations of public health service by married men with or without children. Probably men’s evaluations are based on experience in medical care connected predominantly with their own diseases. Women’s evaluations are based on experience of medical care connected both with their own diseases and diseases of their children. Even in the groups of respondents with relatively higher evaluations of public health service (in comparison with all another groups), these evaluations are less than 5 on average. All demographic groups of respondents (despite the abovementioned differences between them) are not satisfied with the public health service in the Russian Federation. It once again forces us to reflect seriously on public health service problems in our country.
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Journal: Sotsialʹnyye aspekty zdorovʹya naseleniya