Сверяем человеческие измерения модернизации (По результатам третьей волны Европейского социального исследования)
English title: Comparing Humane Dimensions of Modernization (according to the results of the 3rd round of the European Social Survey 2006)
Author(s): Nikolai Ivanovich Lapin -
Type: Journal article
The politician, who sees nothing but technical and economic essence of modernization, takes unnecessary risks. In fact, there is an integrated solution for the political, economic, social and cultural problems, which Russia is about to face in the context of internal megaregional and global threats and risks.Many people across the world, including Russians, compare the quality of their life with respect to people from other countries and react accordingly: adapt or protest, slip into alcoholism or drug addiction, murder or commit suicides, emigrate, etc. The difficulty of the problems, which are faced by the politicians and common citizens, depends on humane dimensions of modernization (or its absence). What are these dimensions? What shapes do they take in Russia as compared to other European countries? What is the best strategy of modernization for Russia? The author attempts to answer all these questions consequently by supporting the concept of integrated modernization, which includes industrial, informational and sociocultural as its humane dimensions. The empirical part of the research is based on the results of European Social Survey (3rd round, 2006), which has taken place in 25 European countries, including Russia.The author identifies 7 parameters related to humane dimensions of modernization in 25 countries: 1) satisfaction with life as a whole; 2) adequacy of income for life; 3) agreement with occupation being the most important area of life; 4) women’s age at the birth of the first child; 5) the state of advancement of the social structure; 6) democratization of political culture and behavior of citizens; 7) modernity in value orientations. The significances for each parameter are reduced to a 5-point scale. The 25 European countries are separated into two distinct clusters: those that are currently undergoing modernization and those which are already modernized. The first cluster includes 13 countries with at least one parameter having a value below 3.0 (on a 5-point scale); the average value of all their parameters equals to 2.6. These countries are further divided into three groups: the ones which are only at the beginning of their modernization (Bulgaria, Ukraine, Russia); the ones which are extensively modernizing (Romania, Hungary, Latvia, Portugal, Slovakia, Estonia, Poland); and the ones which are modernizing intensively (Slovenia, Cyprus, Spain). The second cluster consists of 12 countries, all with parameters having a value of 3.0 points and above; the average value of their parameters is 4.2. There are two groups in this cluster: the most economically powerful but being less efficient in the sociocultural sense (France, England, Germany); and economically less powerful but being outstanding in the sociocultural sense (Belgium, Austria, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland). The author also refers to the recent data gathered by Chinese researchers on modernization processes in 131 countries, including Russia and, most notably, China. According to these data 25 European countries are assigned into three types of (industrial, informational and integrated) and further described in terms of modernization cycles with a forecast up to the year 2100. In the final section of his article the author discusses Russia’s possible choices for its post-crisis trajectory: further stagnation or integrated modernization with a humane dimension. The author also attempts to outline the sociocultural logic of movement towards an integrated modernization: from mutual distrust of its potential actors to coordination of their efforts in order to efficiently produce institutional, technological and productive innovations. The rational start of this movement can be considered as the first step towards modernization and achievement of European standards with respect to humane dimensions. Only then can Russia seek to achieve the status of a modernized country.
From page no: 33
To page no: 73
Journal: Mir Rossii - Universe of Russia