English title: Is Altruism More Effective Where it is Required More? Collectivity-Orientation and Involvement in Interest, Issue and Religious Associations
Author(s): Heiner Meulemann -
Type: Book chapter
Associations are classified into interest associations which predominantly serve private interests (as e.g. sports clubs), issue associations which predominantly serve public issues (as e.g. environmental organizations), and religious associations which serve interest and issues. Collectivity-orientation of persons as well as of the social order of countries should determine involvement in issue and religious associations more strongly than in interest associations. This is called the pattern hypothesis. It is examined in intercept models of hierarchical linear regressions, controlling for further attitudes and resources of persons and for the opportunity structure of countries. Data are the European Social Survey 2002 for persons, and political regime, religious tradition, economic freedom, democratic tradition, wealth, and cultural heterogeneity for countries. The pattern hypothesis is disconfirmed for personas as well as for countries. As for the determinants of involvement, the borderline within civil society runs between secular – that is, interest as well as issue associations – and religious associations.
From page no: 73
To page no: 102
Anthology: Social Capital in Europe: Similarity of Countries and Diversity of People? Multi-level analyses of the European Social Survey 2002