English title: The worst of both worlds? Origin and destination effects on migrant religiosity

Author(s): Koen Van der Bracht - Bart Van de Putte - Sarah Van de Velde -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2014

Abstract

Insecurity theory states that religiosity is predominantly affected by insecurities experienced during childhood, instead of present insecurities. The empirical research of these aspects, however, has been hampered by the difficulty to disentangle past and present contextual effects. In this respect, first-generation migrants offer an interesting case study that allows us to discern: (1) contextual effects experienced during childhood (i.e. associated with the origin country); (2) contextual effects experienced during later life (i.e. associated with the destination country); and (3) individual effects experienced during later life in the destination country. We test hypotheses using the European Social Survey (ESS) in cross-classified multi-level analyses on 5,900 individuals within on the one hand twenty-five destination countries and on the other 146 origin countries. While insecurity theory offers interesting prospects of explaining origin country variance, the applicability of insecurity theory to migrants at the individual and destination level is questioned by the results.

Volume: 37

Issue: 6

From page no: 998

To page no: 1019

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2012.748211

Journal: Ethnic and Racial Studies