Konfliktpotenziale zwischen Alt und Jung im deutschen Wohlfahrtsstaat - Eine quantitative Analyse des European Social Survey (ESS)

English title: Potentials for conflict between Old and Young in the German welfare state - A Quantitative Analysis of the European Social Survey (ESS)

Author(s): Thomas Hollfelder -

Language: German

Type: Journal article

Year: 2012


Due to a low birth rate and increasing life expectancy, the demographic changes in Germany lead to funding shortfalls in the social security system and a political power shift in favor of older generations. This is often too quickly described as a potential conflict between generations, without empirically testing the existence of the necessary social basis for such a conflict. In this article, a model is developed that outlines the emergence of a conflict between young and old, to then examine several aspects of the genesis of the conflict empirically. For this purpose, three attitudinal variables are analyzed: the State's responsibility for old-age security; the assessment of the standard of living in retirement and the expected development of pension levels. The data is drawn from the 4th round of the European Social Survey in Germany. The analyses show that attitudes to the welfare state reveal no significant potential for conflict between old and young. Potential lines of conflict are more likely to follow educational status or subjective life satisfaction. In addition, to a lesser extent, attitude formation appears to be influenced by age-independent subjective value orientations and political attitudes. From the results it can be concluded that at present in the population, there is no basis for a conflict between old and young at the societal level in Germany.

Volume: 12

Issue: 1

From page no: 17

To page no: 30

Refereed: Yes


Journal: Journal für Generationengerechtigkeit

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