Eesti klassikaline alusväärtusstruktuur Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu põhjal

English title: Estonian Classic Structure of Basic Human Values based on the European Social Survey

Author(s): L. Lilleoja -

Language: Estonian

Type: Thesis / dissertation

Year: 2010


The objective of the master’s paper is to present comprehensive overview of the Estonian basic human value structure. Therefore both the general preferences of the basic values of the Estonian population and the main factors that have impact on these values have been studied. In addition to that the value priorities have been compared with the neighbouring countries to describe the present status of the Estonian basic value development. The research is based on the values theory of Shalom Schwartz that is focused on the basic values on individual and cultural level. His Portrait Values Questionnaire has been used, which enables to represent different individual values based on 21 portrait descriptions. Individual values form 10 basic values that can be placed into basic value circle according to polarity. Most of the data has been obtained from the results of the second, third and fourth round of The European Social Survey that was conducted in Estonia in 2004, 2006 and 2008. Altogether the responses of 5167 respondents have been used. Hypotheses describing the Estonian basic value structure based on earlier surveys and theoretical studies are not 100 % confirmed, which refers to profound changes that are difficult to predict. In Estonian society the most important factors that have impact on values are age, nationality and gender. Minor influence has also education, belonging to the national minority group and religion. Estonian development toward the post-modern society is hindered mainly by the ethnic difference based on the basic values. This is a destabilizing factor of the general functioning of the Estonian state. The judgements of the Estonians are coming closer to the Scandinavian people, but non-Estonians remain closer to the people in Russia.


Awarding institution: Tallinn University

Number of pages: 75

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