English title: How Does Culture Contribute to Innovation? Evidence from European Countries

Author(s): Anneli Kaasa - Maaja Vadi -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2010

Abstract

Culture is deemed to be a crucial basis for innovation in various respects. The aim of this paper is to explore the relationships between different cultural dimensions introduced by G. Hofstede (2001, Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, insititutions, and organizations across nations, 2nd ed., Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage) and the capability of initiating innovation measured by the number of patent applications using the sample of European countries at the regional level. As a novel approach, instead of using Hofstede’s original index scores, the measures for the cultural dimensions are based on the European Social Survey.We have learned that to be successful in patenting, a region should have power distance, uncertainty avoidance, family-related collectivism (as opposed to friend-related and organisation-related collectivism), and lower than average masculinity. In addition, the negative relationships between these cultural dimensions and patenting are stronger when there is a higher patenting intensity. However, culture alone does not serve as a guarantee for a high level of patenting intensity.

Volume: 19

Issue: 7

From page no: 583

To page no: 604

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1080/10438590902987222

Journal: Economics of Innovation and New Technology

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