Arbeitslos oder erwerbsunfähig? Unterschiedliche Formen der Nicht-Erwerbstätigkeit in Europa und den USA

English title: Unemployed or Disabled? Different Forms of Non-Employment in Europe and the United States

Author(s): M. Erlinghagen - Lina Zink -

Language: German

Type: Journal article

Year: 2008

Abstract

An international comparison of unemployment rates suggests a poor performance of the German labour market. Based on comparative analyses for Germany, the Netherlands, France, Denmark, the UK and the United States the paper tries to show that a more sophisticated picture can be drawn by taking additional forms of non-employment (e.g. disability, retirement or out of labour force) into account. For this purpose data from the “European Social Survey” (ESS) and the survey “Citizenship, Involvement and Democracy” collected in 2004 and 2005 is analysed. While “unemployment” plays a dominant role in Germany, people with comparable demographic characteristics and similar health status are increasingly classified as “permanently disabled” in the other countries. The results stress that an international comparison of labour market performance and especially a comparison of the effectiveness of labour market and social policy reforms should not only rely on employment and unemployment rates. Taking alternative forms of non-employment into account can increase our knowledge and understanding of functional differences of labour markets in Europe and the United States.

Volume: 60

Issue: 3

From page no: 579

To page no: 608

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1007/S11577-008-0028-3

Journal: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie