English title: Effects of the Field of Higher Education on the Prevalence of Over-education in European Countries
Author(s): Alexander Tarvid -
Type: Book chapter
In this paper, the over-education risk is assessed for tertiary-educated employed individuals in 29 European countries. A graduate is deemed over-educated if his/her current occupation does not belong to the first three major ISCO groups (managers, professionals, or technicians). It is found that graduates in Education and Health are generally less exposed to over-education than those in Economics, Business & Law, while for graduates in Services the risk to find themselves in manual or low-skilled non-manual jobs is higher. The situation in other fields vary over geographical regions. In Western and Northern Europe, the risk of over-education is more equally spread across other fields of study than in Eastern and Southern Europe. In particular, we find evidence of strong overproduction of graduates in Social Sciences in Eastern and Southern European countries. While we can observe the consequences of over-production of graduates in Economics, Business & Law in Southern European countries, these are engineers and not economists who face one of the highest job-education mismatch risks in Eastern European economies.
From page no: 167
To page no: 184
Anthology: Education: Evaluation, Reform and Policy