Линията на бедност и минималните социални стандарти
English title: Poverty line and minimal social standards
Author(s): Lyuben Tomev - Zhelyazko Hristov -
Type: Book chapter
The article makes a retrospective analysis of the study on poverty line findings in Bulgaria, focusing on three main methodological approaches used - relative, absolute and subjective poverty line. The data from the third and fourth wave of the European Social Survey give grounds to define two subjective levels of poverty: - "Wide poverty", accompanied by severe deprivation, which covers about 39% (ESS-2006) and 33% (ESS-2009) of the population; - "Absolute bottom" around or below the existence minimum - with contingent of 12.5% and 9.5% of the population respectively. The analysis found a clear attitude in the society for greater equity in the distribution of income and greater regulatory functions of the government in this area. Political will is needed to use the poverty line as an effective tool in the field of social assistance and low-paid work. The syndrome "working poor" can be overcome with the implementation of the mix policy in the areas concerning pay, labour force qualifications, taxation and social transfers. The structure of the article is the following: 9.1. Surveys on poverty in Bulgaria 9.1.1. The EUROSTAT relative model 9.1.2. Regional dimensions of poverty 9.1.3. World Bank surveys based on consumption 9.1.4. International poverty lines 9.1.5. The consumer basket method 9.2. Subjective feeling of poverty and the social policy tools in ESS 9.3. Using the poverty line in social and economic policy 9.3.1. Poverty line and guaranteed minimal income 9.3.2. The need to tie minimal salary to the poverty line 9.3.3. The “employed poor” syndrome 9.3.4. Possible policies for the “employed poor”
From page no: 201
To page no: 220
Anthology: Wellbeing and Trust: Bulgaria in Europe?