Sistemas de discriminação positiva na Europa: facilitadores ou detractores da equidade?

English title: Positive Action Systems in Europe: Facilitators of Equity or its Detractors?

Author(s): Ana Isabel Ferreira Abraão de Queiroz Ribeiro - Nelson Ramalho -

Language: Portugese

Type: Thesis / dissertation

Year: 2008

Abstract

The concept of equal opportunities assumes that every one has the same opportunities disregard of their race, ethnicity or gender. This assumption is far from being demonstrated. Some people are prejudiced due to aspects such as gender, ethnicity, race, sexual orientation, handicap or age. Some countries, aware of the ineffectiveness of the simple proclamation of equal opportunities, adopted active measures of preferential treatment in order to achieve social equity. Equity means applying measures as fair as possible in order to avoid injustice. In working environment, measures that aim to ensure proportional representation of targeted groups, based only on meritocratic criteria, must be considered. This study aims to verify if positive action measures contribute to uphold social equity or if they are mere rhetoric. In order to do so, we have clustered some European countries known to have positive action measures in the working context, and their counterpart in another cluster: countries that have generic equality of opportunity measures. Results show that positive action measures do have positive effects granting ethnic minorities’ access to qualified jobs. Positive action measures are fulfilling their purpose: that of attaining social equity.

Type/degree:

Awarding institution: ISCTE-IUL

Number of pages: 130