Europe: La Fracture Sociale ? La Culture Sociopolitique des Salaries
English title: The Social Divide in Europe ? The Social and Political Worldview of the Workforce
Author(s): Luc Rouban -
Type: Journal article
In total contrast to the current view that tends in particular to highlight the decline of the nation-state - squeezed out as local and global levels increase in importance - and also likes to argue that values and behaviour are becoming ever more similar in Europe, this article shows that there are huge differences between countries and, within each country, between the executives (both in the private and the public sectors) and the workforce. The article focuses on the various levels of politicisation and argues that the explanatory variables appear to lie in attitudes to work, which in turn strongly influences the level of involvement in public life. Both are closely correlated with the employees' levels of confidence and independence. Diverging trends outweigh converging ones within Europe while one may observe a gap between the elites and the majority of employees. This is particularly striking in France. The victory of the "no" vote in the French referendum on the European Constitution in May 2005 is then hardly surprising.
From page no: 39
To page no: 54