English title: Personal Value Priorities and Life Satisfaction in Europe: The Role of Socio-Economic Development.
Author(s): Florencia Sortheix - Jan-Erik Lönnqvist -
Type: Conference paper/poster
The present study examined the relation of personal values to life satisfaction across 23 European nations, using data from the European Social Survey. Multilevel statistics with Human Development Index (HDI) as a contextual level variable tested its possible moderator effect on the individual-level relations between personal values and life satisfaction (LS), controlling for age and gender. Results showed that HDI moderated the relations between all ten basic values and LS. The values showing a positive relation to LS in highly developed countries were: universalism and benevolence. In less developed countries “person-focus” values (achievement, stimulation, and self-direction) showed a positive relation to LS. Power and security had negative slopes across countries, suggesting that they may represent “extrinsic” goals generally related to low well-being (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Hedonism had a positive slope in high and low HDI countries. This study reinforces the importance of considering the context of values when examining their consequences for well-being.
Conference name: Seminar on Social Psychology of Values: Past, Present and Future. Organized by the Finnish Doctoral Program in Social Sciences. Invited guest: Shalom Schwartz
Location: University of Helsinki
Start date: Mar 31, 2011