English title: Education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries

Author(s): Olaf von dem Knesebeck - Pattyn Elise - Bracke Piet -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2010

Abstract

Objectives Variations in the association between education and depressive symptoms in 22 European countries are investigated. Methods Analyses are based on the European Social Survey Round 3 (N = 34,443). Education was coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education.Depressive symptoms are measured by the shortened Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 8). Results The results of multiple logistic regressions show that people with low education have elevated risks of experiencing a high score of depressive symptoms. Relatively large inequalities were observed among both sexes for Hungary and Slovenia, small and non-significant inequalities for Austria, Denmark, and Estonia. Conclusion The results indicate that educational inequalities in depressive symptoms are a generalized although not invariant phenomenon.

Volume: 56

Issue: 1

From page no: 107

To page no: 110

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1007/S00038-010-0202-Z

Journal: International Journal of Public Health