Сходства и отличия жизненных ценностей россиян и других европейцев: межстрановые и межиндивидуальные сравнения

English title: Similarities and Dissimilarities of Basic Human Values of Russians and other Europeans: Cross-national and Individual Comparisons

Author(s): Vladimir Magun - Maksim Rudnev -

Language: Russian

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2009


The authors rely mainly on the data from the fourth round of the European Social Survey held in 2008 in their comparison between the Russian values measured by the Schwartz value questions and the values of the 31 other European countries. An average Russian as compared to the average citizen of many other countries attaches higher importance to the values of Security and lower importance to the Openness to change values like Stimulation (novelty and risk-seeking), Hedonism and Self-direction. Compared to most of the other Europeans the average Russian attaches extremely high importance to the Self-Enhancement values and extremely low importance to the values of Self-Transcendence. Going down from the country to the individual level the authors classify all the European respondents studied into 4 clusters. This classification demonstrates that each cluster includes the inhabitants of all the countries studied as well as each country has the members of all the clusters in its population. The majority of the Russian respondents settled down in the two clusters in which ones the post-communist countries are overrepresented. Still there are two Russian minorities sharing the values atypical for the Russian population. The regression analysis has demonstrated that the values studied differ in their sensitivity to the between-country variation. The “Self–Transcendence – Self–Enhancement” values are more influenced by this between-country variation than “Openness to Change – Conservation” values. The latter are more dependent on age and other socio-demographic variables which variance extends both within and between countries.

From page no: 225

To page no: 270

Anthology: Россия в Европе. По материалам международного проекта