Όψεις συγκρότησης του κοινωνικού κεφαλαίου στην Ελλάδα
English title: Facets of Development of Social Capital in Greece
Author(s): Roy Panagiotopoulou - Vassiliki Papliakou -
Type: Book chapter
The first section of the paper presents a review of the theories regarding the social capital as well as the various approaches concerning collective social action in postmodern societies. It also refers to the causes that worked against to the development of a civil society in Greece. In the second section the results of the European Social Survey concerning the development of social capital in Greece are analyzed. Participation in NGOs, sociability, mutual assistance, trust to people and institutions as well as the attitudes and perceptions with respect to politics and political parties are examined as parameters that contribute to the development of social capital. Although, as it is widely acknowledged, the social capital is not sufficiently developed in Greece -due to the omnipotence of the political parties and their clientelist networks- from the analysis of the results of the survey, it is entailed the emergence of some differentiations that signify a tendency of change. The research data indicate that there is a gradual increase of people, mainly young, well-educated and of political centre-wing ideology, who participate in the NGOs. This tendency in correlation to the informal forms of social solidarity that have never stopped being observed in the social relations of Greeks lead us to the conclusion that Greece is entering into a new phase of redefinition of the political participation. The latter, for a part of the citizenry, takes place outside the traditional political parties and the organizations that indirectly channel them.
From page no: 219
To page no: 267
Anthology: Society, Citizens and Politics. The European Social Survey.