Η απόρριψη του "άλλου" ως τρόπος αντιμετώπισης της ετερότητας. Επεξεργασία δεδομένων της Ευρωπαϊκής Κοινωνικής Έρευνας για την Ευρώπη και την Ελλάδα
English title: The rejection of the 'other' as a way to deal with 'otherness'. Analysis of ESS data for Europe and Greece
Author(s): T. Maloutas - M. Pantelidou-Malouta - E. Varika - K. Doxiades - G. Kandylis -
Type: Book chapter
The paper discusses rejection as a way to deal with ‘otherness’, starting by the rather high reluctance to have the ‘other’ as a neighbour accompanied by the sociodemographic, ideological and political profiles of groups who usually express such attitudes. The rejection rationale is subsequently distinguished into different types according to the ‘threat’ instigated by the ‘other’s’ presence (threat to the socio-economic position of lower social strata, threat to middle class security, threat to the homogeneity of the local community/society); the rejection level is calculated for the different countries in the sample and for each type of threat, and a broad correlation is attempted between rejection level and welfare regime. The paper finally turns to the exceptionally high rejection scores in Greece. Comparative calculations show that most features that are usually positively correlated with rejection (old age, low household income, political self positioning on the Right, low education level) cannot be held responsible for Greek high scores, with the exception of religious feeling. The authors conclude that strong religious feeling and rejection of the ‘other’ become highly correlated in Greece due to the important interweaving of the former with nationalist values and attitudes rather than with any other religion paraphernalia.
From page no: 63
To page no: 98
Anthology: Society, Citizens and Politics. The European Social Survey.