Tempos e marcadores de vida e capital social

English title: Timings and markers of life and social capital

Author(s): D. Lopes - H. Duarte -

Language: Portugese

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2010

Abstract

The chapter analyses the role of life cycle and life time in the formation of social capital. At the same time, it is analysed the influence of social capital in the respondent’s perception of trust in the future, social discrimination and political efficacy. To evaluate social capital, three components are considered: institutional trust, interpersonal trust and mutual help/associativism. However, the authors enriched the analysis by considering de effects of the GDP in the social capital components. The countries with higher GDP are the ones with higher institutional trust, interpersonal trust and tendency to associativism and mutual help. Since Portugal is in the group of countries with lower GDP, it is not surprising that it is relatively dispossessed of social capital. This influence of GDP is supported by individual variables that when considered at an aggregate level, are not unrelated to the capacity of production of a country. Then, it is not surprising that respondents with higher levels of education and higher income are the ones that manifest more trust in the country’s institutions. Family and professional relations are also important variables in institutional trust: the unemployed and those in a situation of conjugal rupture are the ones that show less trust in institutions. The authors raise the question whether social cohesion can be dependent of the same factors of social capital. And since the trust in the future seems also to be dependent of social capital, the authors predict a generation of change in the more educated Portuguese youth.

From page no: 255

To page no: 295

Anthology: Tempos e Transições de vida: Portugal ao Espelho da Europa [Timings and Transitions of Life: a view of Portugal within Europe]