Transições para a velhice

English title: Transitions to Old Age

Author(s): Sofia Aboim - Teresa Amor - Vítor Sérgio Ferreira - Cátia Nunes -

Language: Portugese

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2010

Abstract

When we question the perceptions of old age, the association between old age and the condition of being a grandparent is losing strength, certainly because of the larger life expectancy. Indeed, the main markers of transition to old age are the dependency of other people and physical debility. Longevity does not prevent, however, the Europeans to think that retirement at the age of 50 is acceptable, although they think that the age of 58 is the ideal one. Furthermore, the Europeans do not think that it is acceptable that people over 60 work 20 or more hours per week. However, one thing is what we ideally think and another is what really happens. This chapter also analyses how the place of the individual in the life course influences the valorization of the markers of transition to old age, the views about retirement age and, finally, the role of welfare state or the own tendency to make savings, in order to ensure a more peaceful old age. It is not by chance that in all countries the youngest respondents (15 to 29 years) are the ones that place closer both ages of retirement and of transition to old age, and the ones that tend to idealize early retirement ages. Do the elderly tend to run away from retirement as a death foretold or do they prolong the working years for economic reasons? Once again, what is the degree of dissonance between the ideal and the real? The chapter ends addressing the perception of respondents about old age and the adequacy of the protection and social security systems, as well as the individual responsibility facing the challenges that are waiting in the last phase of life.

From page no: 69

To page no: 104

Anthology: Tempos e Transições de vida: Portugal ao Espelho da Europa [Timings and Transitions of Life: a view of Portugal within Europe]