Transições para a idade adulta
English title: Transitions to Adulthood
Author(s): Vítor Sérgio Ferreira - Cátia Nunes -
Type: Book chapter
This chapter aims to clarify if the age norms to the transition to the so called “adulthood” deserve social acceptance. Supporting the idea of a social concordance are the traditional markers of transition to adulthood: the first work experience, leaving parent’s house, first conjugal experience, marriage or the parenthood. When Portugal sees itself at the mirror of Europe we verify that it is one of the countries with the largest percentage of young people (15-29 years) that never had a job experience (more than half of the respondents), but it is also the one where this experience occurs earlier. On the other hand, when we consider the markers of transitions to adulthood, Nordic countries stand out with a more extended transition time. Portugal is closer to the Nordic pattern, and more far away to the pattern of East-Europe countries where there is greater concomitance in the occurrence of the markers of transition to adulthood. That is, in East-Europe countries the first step to adulthood, generally the beginning of professional life, is immediately followed by other steps: leaving parent’s house, cohabitation or marriage and having children. In Nordic countries – but also in Portugal and other countries – the same steps take longer. Still, when the symbolic value of the markers is evaluated we verify that Portuguese people are the ones that most value the conjugality and the parenthood as a major marker of the transition to adulthood.
From page no: 39
To page no: 67
Anthology: Tempos e Transições de vida: Portugal ao Espelho da Europa [Timings and Transitions of Life: a view of Portugal within Europe]