Victimization and Fear of Crime in Romania and Hungary: A Comparative Analysis
English title: Victimization and Fear of Crime in Romania and Hungary: A Comparative Analysis
Author(s): Viviana Andreescu -
Type: Journal article
Using multivariate analyses on cross-sectional data from the European Social Survey Round 3 - 2006/2007 conducted on representative samples of persons age 15 and over in Romania (N=2139) and Hungary (N=1518), the present comparative study will mainly explore the relationship victimization – trust in the police – fear of crime in two Eastern European neighboring countries that recently became EU member states. Socio-demographic and personal-level indicators more likely to influence one’s perception of safety will be also examined. Based on the number of crimes reported to the police in 2005, total crime rates in Hungary appear to be significantly higher than in Romania. However, the fear of victimization is, on average, significantly more intense in Romania than in Hungary. Although results show that in both countries, persons with higher levels of trust in the police are less likely to be afraid of being victimized, direct and indirect experience with victimization is the most important predictor of fear of crime in Hungary and Romania, as well. Consistent with previous research, gender, age, and urban residency are additional significant correlates of fear of crime.
From page no: 163
To page no: 183
Journal: Revista Romana de Sociologie