La mesure de l'appartenance et de la non-appartenance confessionnelle dans les grandes enquêtes européennes
English title: The measuring of confessional membership and non-membership in major European surveys
Author(s): Pierre Bréchon -
Type: Journal article
The author aims to examine the main European surveys dealing with social and political issues—the European Values Survey (EVS), the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the European Social Survey (ESS)—to observe how religious affiliation and non-affiliation are measured. Are the questions similar in these surveys? Are the results for the same years identical with different indicators? The author gives information about the different available surveys but also highlights the effects of different wording. He looks into the reliability of answers (is there bias linked to social "desirability", as some sociologists have shown for the USA?), and finally he emphasizes that this very simple data allows complicated issues to be dealt with (singling out paradoxical categories like "believing without belonging" and "belonging without believing"), and quite comprehensive profiles of typical attitudes of each denomination and of those without religion to be described.
From page no: 163
To page no: 178
Journal: Social Compass