English title: European norms and equations for a two dimensional presentation of values as measured with Schwartz's 21-item portrait values questionnaire

Author(s): Markku Verkasalo - Jan-Erik Lönnqvist - Jari Lipsanen - Klaus Helkama -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2008


The present study utilizes European Social Survey (ESS) data to introduce European norms and equations for computation of the Self-Transcendence - Self-Enhancement and Conservation - Openness to Change value dimensions, as measured with the 21-item Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ). Our analysis of ESS round 1 and 2 data suggest that the two-dimensional structure and the equations based on this structure are extremely robust. Presenting the two value dimensions besides the 10 basic values offers the advantages of (a) heightened reliability, (b) control of response tendency, and (c) possibility to present results in two-dimensional space.

Volume: 39

Issue: 5

From page no: 780

To page no: 792

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1002/EJSP.580

Journal: European Journal of Social Psychology

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