English title: Poverty Impacts and Coping with Poverty
Author(s): Dagmar Kutsar - Avo Trumm -
Type: Book chapter
The poverty analyses presented in this publication have revealed that females, children, if elderly, people living in rural areas, single-person households and the unemployed constitute the main risk groups of poverty. Inclusion in the poverty risk group is, on the one hand, related to the labour status and income level of the adult members of a household and on the other hand, influenced by the household structure - ratio between wage earners and dependents. Persons who simultaneously belong to several risk groups, i.e. persons whose, poverty risks tend to cumulate, e.g. single elderly women or children of unemployed single-parent family are the most vulnerable. Despite the fact that the economic condition of the whole population improved during the period of economic growth, traditional poverty risk groups still continue to exist. Persons with higher level of education whose work is usually of temporary nature feel more confident; but the comparative analysis: the poverty risks among the immigrant and native population revealed that knowledge of Estonian language has a determining role in alleviating poverty risks, which, in turn, is directly connected to finding a job. Impacts of poverty on a personality as well as on the society can be of direct as well as a long-term nature and differ by stage of life. The analysis highlights the direct and long-term consequences of poverty on the individual as well as on the society, and discusses the coping strategies targeted at escaping poverty.
From page no: 128
To page no: 144
Anthology: Poverty in Estonia