Persönliche Wertorientierungen im European Social Survey
English title: Personal Value Systems in the European Social Survey
Author(s): Peter Mohler - Kathrin Wohn -
Type: Report, working paper
Schwartz' assumptions about a universal value system, cannot be verified by his self-proposed analysis of data from the European Social Survey. This does not necessarily mean that his value system is not universal. Since Schwarz' method for analysis is not always unambiguous, the failure to confirm a universal value system could be an artifact of a different interpretation of his method (even if this seems unlikely, given the large number of additional checks, not reported in this paper). The Schwarz scale deployed in the ESS is not, strictu sensu, a theoretical novelty developed from scratch. Rather, it has been constructed from existing scales, condensed into an "optimised" instrument, but without testing for bias and equivalence. Thus undiscovered design flaws could be the reason for the results presented here. Another reason may lie in the samples. It could be that students and teachers for a variety of reasons are more comparable across cultures than is the case with whole populations. Nevertheless, the conclusion remains that a standard analysis of the ESS data currently fails to support the universality assumption.
Number of pages: 21