Capital social e corrupção
English title: Social capital and corruption
Author(s): Luís De Sousa - João Triães -
Type: Book chapter
In this chapter, drawing on a comparative analysis of data from the European Social Survey Round 2 rotating module on economic morality, the authors attempt an operationalization of the concept of “negative social capital”, i.e., social capital that favours corruption, resulting in negativities to democracies’ performance. The authors argue that the problem of corruption is not only related to sporadic bribing practices in administration, but that it should also encompass an analysis of the derived and/or impregnated social attributes within the organizational culture of a country (or region). On the one hand, the phenomenon reflects a civic culture that promotes individual success and that it is characterised by a conception of “commonweal”, residual or secondary, in relation to interests/needs of primary groups (family, clan, party), in which the confusion of powers and the mixture of goods are ethically accepted; on the other hand, it derives from the way the political-administrative power is structured in society, i.e., an opaque power, restricted (difficult to have access to), concentrated, insensitive to the problems of citizens and permeable to private interests and pressures.
From page no: 93
To page no: 126
Anthology: Ethics, State and Economy: Attitudes and practices of Europeans