Capital social e corrupção

English title: Social capital and corruption

Author(s): Luís De Sousa - João Triães -

Language: Portugese

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2009

Abstract

In this chapter, drawing on a comparative analysis of data from the European Social Survey Round 2 rotating module on economic morality, the authors attempt an operationalization of the concept of “negative social capital”, i.e., social capital that favours corruption, resulting in negativities to democracies’ performance. The authors argue that the problem of corruption is not only related to sporadic bribing practices in administration, but that it should also encompass an analysis of the derived and/or impregnated social attributes within the organizational culture of a country (or region). On the one hand, the phenomenon reflects a civic culture that promotes individual success and that it is characterised by a conception of “commonweal”, residual or secondary, in relation to interests/needs of primary groups (family, clan, party), in which the confusion of powers and the mixture of goods are ethically accepted; on the other hand, it derives from the way the political-administrative power is structured in society, i.e., an opaque power, restricted (difficult to have access to), concentrated, insensitive to the problems of citizens and permeable to private interests and pressures.

From page no: 93

To page no: 126

Anthology: Ethics, State and Economy: Attitudes and practices of Europeans