English title: Types of Non-Electoral Political Participation in Europe
Author(s): Vlachová, K., Lebeda, T. -
Type: Book chapter
In this article, the authors describe the forms of political participation outside the electoral process that the populations of twenty-one European countries tend to employ and the degree to which this is done. The article begins with a general discussion of the types of political participation (conventional or unconventional) and their changes (for example, some forms conventional participation in contemporary democracies have become unconventional and vice versa, and new forms of participation have been identified in democracies). Differences between political participation in post-communist democracies and "old" democracies are discussed as well. The core of the article is basen on analyses of the data from European Social Survey, Round 1. Using factor analysis, the authors identify three types of non-electoral political participation in the societies under consideration: active-conventional, active-protest, and passive participation. The overall non-electoral political participation is considerably lower in the post-communist and Medirerranean countries than in Western European and Scandinavian countries. In the latter countries, the passive type of political participation is clearly a much stronger form of participation than the other two types. Conversely, in the Mediterranean countries, passive participation is weaker and is exceeded in places by the active-conventional type of participation. The Mediterranean area is also notable for the unusually strong presence of the active-protest type of participation. The authors try to explain the differences in non-electoral political participation between the countries by examining micro and macro variables.
From page no: 269
To page no: 291
Anthology: Three Roads to Comparative Research: Analytical, Visual and Morphological