English title: Sacrificing Their Careers for Their Families? An Analysis of the Penalty to Motherhood in Europe

Author(s): Vanessa Gash -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2009


This paper examines the extent of and the mechanisms behind the penalty to motherhood in six European countries. Each country provides different levels of support for maternal employment allowing us to determine institutional effects on labour market outcome. While mothers tend to earn less than non-mothers, the penalty to motherhood is considerably lower in countries with policy support for working mothers. The paper establishes the United Kingdom and West Germany to have the least policy support for working mothers as well as the largest penalties to motherhood.

Volume: 93

Issue: 3

From page no: 569

To page no: 586

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1007/S11205-008-9429-Y

Journal: Social Indicators Research

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