Religious diversity in Europe and its relation to social attitudes and values orientations

English title: Religious diversity in Europe and its relation to social attitudes and values orientations

Author(s): Jaak Billiet - Bart Meuleman -

Language: English

Type: Conference paper/poster

Year: 2007

Abstract

One of the prime objectives of cross-national survey research is to compare concepts and their inter-rrelations across countries or cultures. It is therefore important that these concepts are measured adequately in all of the countries involved in the survey. Moreover; in order that country-scores on items or scales can be compared in a valid way, concepts have to be measured in a sufficiently equivalent way. This paper tries to assess both scalar and metric equivalence of religious involvement and a set of theoretical related attitudinal variables and values that are measured in Round 2 of the European Social Survey. Special attention is on the equivalent measurement of religious involvement since not only samples of “christen” European countries are in round 2 but also a sample of Turkey. One may assume that at least one indicator does not function the same way in all countries. What are the implications for the analysis of the relations between religious involvement, background variables and social attitudes and values? After answering this question, it is investigated how far the effect of religious involvement on social attitudes (trust in political institutions, social trust, ethnic prejudice, attitude towards immigration) and some values (self transcendence and universalism) is indifferent over countries, and in case of strong differences, how one can explain these.

Conference name: International ESSHRA Conference

Location: Istanbul

Start date: Oct 18, 2007

Type: Paper