English title: Changing attitudes toward immigration in Europe, 2002-2007: a dynamic group conflict theory approach

Author(s): Bart Meuleman - Eldad Davidov - Jaak Billiet -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2008

Abstract

Anti-immigration attitudes and its origins have been investigated quite extensively. Research that focuses on the evolution of attitudes toward immigration, however, is far more scarce. In this paper, we use data from the first three rounds of the European Social Survey (ESS) to study the trend of anti-immigration attitudes between 2002 and 2007 in 17 European countries. In the first part of the paper, we discuss the critical legitimacy for comparing latent variable means over countries and time. A Multiple-Group Multiple Indicator Structural Equation Modeling (MGSEM) approach is used to test the cross-country and cross-time equivalence of the variables under study. In a second step, we try to offer an explanation for the observed trends using a dynamic version of group conflict theory. The country-specific evolutions in attitudes toward immigration are shown to coincide with national context factors, such as immigration flows and changes in unemployment rates.

Volume: 38

Issue: 2

From page no: 352

To page no: 365

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1016/J.SSRESEARCH.2008.09.006

Journal: Social Science Research