Жизненные ценности российского населения: сходства и отличия в сравнении с другими европейскими странами

English title: Basic Human Values: Similarities and Dissimilarities between Russians and other Europeans

Author(s): Vladimir Magun - Maksim Rudnev -

Language: Russian

Type: Journal article

Year: 2008

Abstract

The authors rely on the data from the third round of the European Social Survey held in 2006-2007 in their comparison between the Russian values measured by the Schwartz value questions and the values of the 19 other European countries. An average Russian as compared to the inhabitants of many other countries has stronger commitment to the values of Security and weaker commitment to values of Stimulation (novelty and risk-seeking), Hedonism and Self-direction. The average Russian and the representatives of a number of other countries (primarily post-socialist ones) are alike in their commitment to the enumerated values. As to their commitment to the other value categories the Russians are almost unique: compared to most of the other European nations studied the average Russian is more committed to values of Power-wealth and Achievement and less committed to the values of Universalism and Benevolence. Russians’ mean rating on the integral value axe (factor) “Openness to Change – Conservation” is in the middle of the European spectrum (going together with more than a half other countries’ means) but the Russians’ mean rating of the factor “Self– Transcendence – Self–Assurance” is the extreme one and is located at the Self–Assurance pole of the European spectrum. The multiple regressions corroborate the results of country means comparisons and are even more sensitive to the differences in values between Russia and other countries. Going down from the country to the individual level the authors classify all the Europeans studied into 4 clusters. It appears that each cluster embrace the inhabitants of all the countries studied and each country inhabitants can be met in all clusters. The majority of the Russian respondents settled down in the second (48% of the Russian sample) and fourth (31% of the Russian sample) clusters where the postsocialist countries are overrepresented. In addition to these two majority groups there are two important Russian minorities whose members share the values atypical for the Russian population. One of them is represented by the first cluster members (15% of the Russian sample, the biggest shares in the cluster belongs to Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland and Germany) and the other is represented by the third cluster members (6% of the Russian sample, the biggest shares in the cluster belongs to France, Switzerland and Sweden).

Volume: 93

Issue: 1

From page no: 33

To page no: 59

Refereed:

DOI:

Journal: The Russian Public Opinion Herald. Data. Analysis. Discussions

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