English title: Job values of Estonians in the context of East- and West-Europeans’ preferences
Author(s): Andu Rämmer -
Type: Book chapter
Comparative international studies refer to the homogeneity of value systems of post communist East-European countries. For example, Inglehart (2006) refers in his World Value Survey which was carried out in the 1990s to the polarisation between material and post-material values among European countries. The members of West-European welfare societies which have a long democratic tradition tend to prefer post-material self-expression values, but in post-communist East-European countries survival values dominate. Different studies refer to the impact of living under communist rule as regards the formation of value systems. Th e current chapter titled “Job values of Estonians in the context of East- and West-Europeans’ preferences” looks into the relationships between job values and attitudes toward weekly working hours in East-European countries – Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia – and in Scandinavian countries – Finland, Sweden, Denmark – as well as in Holland and Greece. The results of the second wave of the European Social Survey (2004) indicate that the members of poorer societies were motivated to work longer hours and attributed higher importance to high income and job security. The value differentiation factors displayed several global trends across all countries. Younger people endorsed possibilities of promotion, reconciliation of work and family life was more important for women, and the possibility to use own initiative was more significant criterion in job selection for people with higher education. The results suggest that in a certain period the differences in job values of different countries will become smaller.
From page no: 83
To page no: 100
Anthology: Estonia in European Comparison