English title: Attitudes and behaviour concerning reconciliation of paid work and housework: comparison of European countries
Author(s): Eve Telpt -
Type: Book chapter
The purpose of this paper is to analyse respondents’ attitudes toward reconciliation of paid work and housework and their everyday behaviour, and to find out whether the attitudes accord with their real behaviour. Ten European countries are compared, using data from the European Social Survey 2004), and the results are analysed on the basis of socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics. The analysis revealed that in Europe the attitudes toward reconciliation of paid work and housework on the one hand and the real behaviour on the other are related. Most people with equal gender attitudes also divide their time between paid work and housework more equally, but the strength of this correlation varies from country to country. On the basis of attitudes, regional specialties occurred: gender equality in the division of labour is most favoured in Scandinavian countries and least in Eastern and Southern Europe. It appears that young, educated and employed respondents have the highest equality in their attitudes. Respondent’s gender does not substantially aff ect attitudes, but it affects the division of labour: men contribute more in paid work and women in housework. Since the inequality in housework is bigger, female respondents bear a heavier burden (except in Sweden and the Netherlands). The division of labour is more equal among those respondents who are younger, have higher education, are financially secured and raise children.
From page no: 67
To page no: 82
Anthology: Estonia in European Comparison