English title: Intergenerational Educational Mobility in European Societies Before and After the Crisis
Author(s): Peter Robert -
Type: Book chapter
Social mobility studies traditionally investigate how parental status affects the status of their offspring. In terms of class mobility several recent analyses use ESS data and investigate absolute / relative mobility and social fluidity, comparing European societies. This paper deals with the connection between parental education and respondents’ education, using Rounds 1-7 of ESS. Examination of unequal opportunities for educational attainment is essential from policy perspective because reproduction of advantages / disadvantages in education is a vital driving force of class mobility / immobility. Four indicators are developed for the purpose of mapping educational chances by social origin: 1) Absolute mobility rates; 2) Correlation between parental education and respondents’ education; 3) Educational premium based on higher level of parental schooling; 4) Odds of obtaining a college degree. These indicators are suitable to display country variation in the stronger or weaker role of parental education in offspring’s educational achievement – similarly to PISA studies. The rank orders are generated for the 16 countries investigated; those which participated in all 7 rounds. An age selection between 25-95 years is applied; no. of observation is cca. 170.000. Data also allow temporal comparison between the period before and after of the crisis (2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 vs. 2010, 2012, 2014). Results (country rankings) for social openness / closeness in educational opportunities mirror only moderately typical similarities / differences for country groups like the Scandinavian, the Anglo-Saxon, the Mediterranean ones. When looking at the four indicators on chances in educational mobility, more consistency appears in the lower part of the rank orders, while the variation of the countries is higher on the top. The analysis does not reveal any strong crisis effect for the second part of the whole period (2002-2014) covered by the data.
From page no: 120
To page no: 136
Anthology: Hungarian Social Report 2019