Vnímané bezpečie a jeho sociálno-psychologické kontexty
English title: Perceived Safety and its socio-psychological contexts
Author(s): Miroslava Bozogáňová -
Type: Book (monograph)
Perceived safety is a multidimensional construct that encompasses emotional, cognitive and behavioral dimension. Part of the perceived safety is a cognitive evaluation of safety, fear of crime and preventive behavior. The present book consists of two parts. The first part consists of three consecutive studies. The aim of the first study is to examine the relationship between perceived safety (emotional dimension) and preventive behavior (behavioral dimension), age and gender. The aim of the second study is to examine the relationship between perceived safety (cognitive dimension), preventive behavior (behavioral dimension), the perceived disorder in the neighborhood, gender and age. The aim of the third study is to make a detailed analysis of the perceived safety with respect to gender, gender roles of respondents (masculinity, femininity, androgyny undifferentiated), age and perceived disorder in the neighbourhood, and further describe relationships between variables. The aim of the second part of this book is to verify the explanatory power of social - psychological model of Van der Wurff et al. (1989) for respondents of Slovak Republic, to compare the explanatory power of the socio-demographic model (the combination of variables Van der Wurff et al. (1989) and Farrall et al. (2000)) and a modified model. Modified socio-demographic model explaining the level of perceived safety is enriched by variables concerning the residence of respondents and perceived disorder in the neighborhood. We created a holistic model explaining the level of perceived safety, which consists of variables from socio - psychological model as well as socio-demographic model. We worked with two samples. The first research sample consisted of 1,847 respondents (59.5% women and 40.5% men) from the Slovak Republic's population aged 15 to 91 years (M = 49.28, SD = 16.53). The second research sample consisted of 316 respondents from the population of the Slovak Republic. The sample consisted of 63.6% women and 36.4% men. The average age of respondents in the second sample is M = 35.38 (SD = 15.84) years (15-83 years). Using the method of structural equation modeling, we found that the combination of variables gender, age and preventive behaviors explained 20.9% of variance emotional dimension of perceived safety (fear of crime). We have further found that the combination of variables, gender, age, preventive behavior and perceived disorder in neighborhood explain 34.4% of the cognitive dimension of the perceived safety and 25.8% of the variance of preventive behavior. Gender roles (masculinity, feminity) affect the level of perceived safety of individuals. In the second part, we found that the socio - psychological model Van der Wurff et al. (1989) explains a certain level of perceived safety of subjects (R2= ,219), but it is not such strong explanatory device as modified socio-demographic model (R2=,304). Socio - psychological model is gender-sensitive and explained higher levels of variance of perceived safety in women (17.6%) than men (13.2%). Finally, we have created a holistic model explaining 32.9% of the perceived safety. This book provides a comprehensive and integrative view of the construct of perceived safety and it is governed by the principles of simplicity - an explanation of the greatest variance in the perceived safety with just few constructs.
Number of pages: 144