Образователните неравенства като индикатори за човешкия капитал и развитие
English title: Educational inequalities as indicators for human capital and development
Author(s): Petya Ilieva-Trichkova - Pepka Boyadjieva -
Type: Book chapter
The chapter aims to show the heuristic potential of the inequalities and their measurement as indicators for human capital and development and to discuss the place of Bulgaria in a cross-national comparative perspective. Building upon the complementarity of the human capital theory and the capability approach, we argue that the educational inequalities are important indicators for the human capital as they capture the loss in human development in two aspects: absolute and interactive. On the one hand, the inequalities have a cumulative character: the socioeconomic inequalities lead to educational inequalities i.e. there is an absolute loss in human capital. On the other hand, the educational inequalities influence on other aspects on the human/social capital – eg. they are associated with lower levels of trust. Drawing on data from the European social survey, Eurostudent and PISA and by using a wide range of measures of educational inequalities, our study shows that the loss in human capital and the human development potential in Bulgaria are determined to a great extent by the socioeconomic inequalities in education. Given this, the decreasing of the educational inequalities caused by socioeconomic factors can be seen as a way to stimulate human development and to enhance the human capital.
From page no: 201
To page no: 214
Anthology: Inequalities and social (dis)integration: In search of togetherness