English title: Investigating the structure of the 2006 European Social Survey measurement of wellbeing

Author(s): Anastasia Charalampi - Catherine Michalopoulou - Aggeliki Yfanti -

Language: English

Type: Conference paper/poster

Year: 2017

Abstract

Background: In 2006, a module on personal and social wellbeing was included in the European Social Survey (ESS) questionnaire. Although, wellbeing was defined as a multidimensional construct, in the literature, to the best of our knowledge, there is no evidence on its structure (dimensionality) and psychometric properties. Purpose: To investigate the structure and assess the psychometric properties of the personal and social wellbeing included in Round 3 of the ESS. Method: ESS data of 2006 for Portugal and Spain were used. Each sample was split randomly into two halves. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was performed on one-half sample in order to assess the construct validity of the scale. Then, the structure was validated by carrying out Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) on the second half sample. Based on the total sample, subscales were constructed according to the six key dimensions proposed for ESS: evaluative wellbeing (EV); emotional wellbeing (EM); functioning (FUN); vitality (VI); community wellbeing (CW); supportive relationships (SR). The subscales’ reliabilities and internal consistencies were investigated. Results: In both countries, EFA resulted in a three-factor solution. CFA showed an adequate fit for both the Portuguese - EM (positive), EM (negative), FUN - and the Spanish model - EV, EM (negative), EM (positive). Conclusions: Although our analysis did not confirm the theoretical structure of the ESS measurement of wellbeing, it did produce reliable and valid subscales. Our results suggest that further research is necessary at country level to provide subscales suitable for use in analyses.

Conference name: 13th Conference of the European Sociological Association

Location: Athens, Greece

Start date: Aug 29, 2017

Type: Paper