English title: Self-Employment, Personal Values, and Varieties of Happiness-Unhappiness

Author(s): Peter Warr -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2017


This study compares key personal values and forms of happiness between self-employed and paid workers. Values are measured through Schwartz’s established model and scale, and happiness is examined in terms of personal flourishing and both general and job-specific well-being. In two nationally-representative samples, self-employed workers are found to value self-direction and stimulation in their lives to a significantly greater degree than do paid employees, but not to differ in other types of value. Well-being differences are predicted to depend on whether workers supervise or do not supervise others, such that any well-being advantages of self-employment are expected to occur only for self-employees without subordinates. As predicted, self-employees’ job satisfaction is found to exceed that of paid employees as a whole, and primarily for those who do not supervise others. However, experienced strain in a job and context-free hedonic well-being are found to be similar between the two groups. In respect of personal flourishing, self-employed workers as a whole report significantly greater accomplishment in their lives, but as predicted that difference occurs only for individuals without supervisory responsibility. Research developments and changes to practical procedures are proposed.

Volume: 0

Issue: 0

From page no: 0

To page no: 0

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1037/OCP0000095

Journal: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology

By continuing to visit our site, you accept the use of cookies. We use cookies for website functionality
and analyzing site usage through anonymized Google Analytics tracking. [Read more]