English title: Gender Inequality in the Division of Housework over the Life Course: A European Comparative Perspective

Author(s): Tine Kil - Karel Neels - Jorik Vergauwen -

Language: English

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2016

Abstract

Last 50 years the gendered division of paid work in European households have become more equal. The evolution is only partly compensated by a more equal distribution of unpaid work. Therefore this study aims to examine how gender inequality in the division of housework varies across different stages of the life course and across different cultural and institutional contexts. Using data from the fifth round (2010) of the European Social Survey a sample of 24045 heterosexual couples from 24 different countries was selected. Using multilevel analysis we examined how the distribution of domestic work over the life course is affected by (1) time availability, relative resources and gender ideology and (2) the cultural and institutional context and (3) whether cross-level-interactions play a role. Results show that a progressive gender ideology has a relatively small positive influence on gender equality for couples with young children. But this effect depends on the societal context as cross-level-interactions suggest that parents better succeed in implementing their progressive ideas in a country with a progressive national gender culture and more full-time child care. In this way contextual variables play a role in reducing traditional gender roles following the birth of a child.

From page no: 51

To page no: 80

Anthology: Changing Family Dynamics and demographic evolution

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