English title: Economic Evaluations, Procedural Fairness, and Satisfaction with Democracy

Author(s): Pedro C. Magalhães -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2016

Abstract

Although public support for political authorities, institutions, and even regimes is affected by the delivery of positive economic outcomes, we know that judgments on authorities are also made on the basis of several other aspects that fall into the general theme of “procedural fairness.” So far, most of the literature examining satisfaction with democracy has, from this point of view, focused on the direct effects of both economic and procedural fairness indicators or evaluations. This study takes as its starting point a large number of studies in social psychology showing that procedural fairness moderates the effects of outcome favorability in the explanation of citizens’ reactions to authorities. It expands those findings to the macro-political level, using representative samples of European populations in twenty-nine countries. It reveals that the general depiction of satisfaction with the way democracies work in practice as a fundamentally “performance-driven attitude” needs to qualified: economic evaluations matter, but they do not matter in the same way in all contexts and for all people, with procedural fairness playing a relevant moderating role in this respect.

Volume: 69

Issue: 3

From page no: 522

To page no: 534

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1177/1065912916652238

Journal: Political research quarterly