Влияние безработицы на здоровье в странах Европы: значение социального государства
English title: The Effects of Unemployment for Health in Europe: The Role of Welfare State
Author(s): Nina Rusinova - Viacheslav Safronov -
Type: Journal article
The article deals with the problem of social inequalities in health and the impact of societal context on these inequalities. It discusses the health differences of people with jobs and unemployed belonging to different demographic and social strata, as well as the influence on such differences of welfare state. Data of the European Social Survey (ESS 2006-2012, 33 countries), the World Bank and the International Labour Organization were analyzed by statistical methods of two-level modeling. It has been found that the health differences in the European countries are due to social demographics, employment status and the combined influence of these variables. Unemployment affects more the older people and leads to a greater deterioration of their health, as it is harder to them to find a new job. The growth of economic well-being of the countries and an increase in public social expenditures entails a reduction in the gender and age differences in health. Public social support positively affects the health status of the respondents with low education. Increased public spending on unemployment helps overcome the negative cumulative effects on the health of low educational level and status of the unemployed, however, the differences between the employed and the unemployed do not reduced, on the contrary, they become even larger than in the less generous countries. The reason for this is a heightened sense of relative deprivation among the unemployed in the developed societies.
From page no: 28
To page no: 50
Journal: Социологический журнал