English title: Terrorism and Attitudes Towards Immigration in Europe
Author(s): Athina Economou - Iacovos N. Psarianos - Christos Kollias -
Type: Report, working paper
A growing body of literature examines the effects that terrorist incidents have on the formation of individual attitudes and beliefs. This paper examines whether terrorism affects the formation of individual attitudes towards immigration and immigrants. To tackle the issue at hand, the paper utilises data from the European Social Survey for 10 European Union countries for the years 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010. In order to capture the multidimensional nature of individual (anti)immigrant sentiment, Polychoric Principal Components Analysis is utilised in order to derive a continuous index of individual immigrant-related sentiment that incorporates various different immigrant-related specific views. We examine the impact of mega-terrorist attacks that have captured world attention with lasting ramifications and occurred before each wave of the European Social Survey. We choose events that involved either western citizens as victims and/or the attributes of the perpetrators such as religion are akin to those that many immigrants in EU countries have. A wide range of individual demographic, economic and labour market characteristics are also controlled for in the analysis.
Institution: University of Thessaly
Number of pages: 36
Series: Discussion Paper Series