English title: Newspaper Readers in Europe – A Multilevel Study of Individual and National Differences
Author(s): Eiri Elvestad - Arild Blekesaune -
Type: Journal article
This article discusses national and individual differences in newspaper reading in Europe. The study uses comparable data on newspaper reading from 23 European countries from the European Social Survey (ESS). By using a multilevel analysis technique, newspaper reading is analysed both as a consequence of characteristics by the individuals and characteristics by the nation they live within. The authors claim the findings of this study could contribute to throw new light on Hallin and Mancini’s (2004) theory of media systems. The analysis show that individual differences explain most of the variation in newspaper reading, but some of the variance could also be explained national variance. Age, gender, education level and household income explain differences in newspaper reading, but these variables do not have the same effect in all countries. National level variables of the newspaper situation, other media use, other demography and public opinion also improve ‘the newspaper reading in Europe’ model.
From page no: 425
To page no: 447
Journal: European Journal of Communication