English title: Ethnic identity and labor-market outcomes of immigrants in Europe
Author(s): Alberto Bisin - Eleonora Patacchini - Thierry Verdier - Yves Zenou -
Type: Report, working paper
We study the relationship between ethnic identity and labor-market outcomes of non-EU immigrants in Europe. Using the European Social Survey, we find that there is a penalty to be paid for immigrants with a strong identity. Being a first generation immigrant leads to a penalty of about 17 percent while second-generation immigrants have a probability of being employed that is not statistically different from that of natives. However, when they have a strong identity, second-generation immigrants have a lower chance of finding a job than natives. Our analysis also reveals that the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects may depend on the type of integration and labor-market policies implemented in the country where the immigrant lives. More flexible labor markets help immigrants to access the labor market but do not protect those who have a strong ethnic identity.
Institution: Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration
Number of pages: 23
Series: CReAM Discussion Paper Series