English title: The Impact of Education and Family Policies on Intergenerational Transmission of Socioeconomic Status in Europe

Author(s): Heta Pöyliö - Johanna Kallio -

Language: English

Type: Book chapter

Year: 2017

Abstract

Previous literature has demonstrated that education and family policies have positive link to decreasing intergenerational inequality, but the empirical evidence in this matter is lacking. Our aim is to study what kind of impact, if at all, specific family and education policies hold on intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic status (SES) and whether this influence differs by origin. We examine how the age leaving compulsory school, pre-primary education, access to tertiary education, maternity leave and public expenditure on family allowances influence the resources of families, that is, whether the policies have multiplicative, accumulative, equalising or compensatory impact on birth cohorts 1946-1980 in 15 European countries. By applying multilevel regression models for the European Social Survey (ESS) 2002-2010 data, we find that the age leaving compulsory education, maternity leave and the access to tertiary education decrease the intergenerational transmission of occupations. Maternity leave was found to have a strong institutional compensatory impact, i.e. it increases the opportunities of disadvantaged families but does not change them for families from advantaged positions. Similarly, the age leaving compulsory school and access to tertiary education had positive influence on families with low SES, but also negative impact on the advantaged families, resulting to a strong institutional equalising impact.

From page no: 204

To page no: 224

Anthology: Social Inequality Across the Generations: The Role of Compensation and Multiplication in Resource Accumulation