English title: Innovation and competitiveness: Culture as a long-term strategic instrument during the European Great Recession

Author(s): Panagiotis E. Petrakis - Pantelis Kostis - Dionysis D. Valsamis -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2015

Abstract

The study promotes the role of culture as a long-term strategic instrument for innovation and competitiveness capacities, using data on European Union countries. The recent Great Recession (2008–2013) serves as a case study of macroconditions' broad differences. A priori, economies where effects from the Great Recession are greater should display deteriorated innovation capacity and competitiveness performance, more than in countries where effects are less severe. The empirical evidence derived by this study, however, does not support this hypothesis. Culture affects innovation and competitiveness capacities, and thus growth prospects, irrespective of prevailing macroconditions. Social learning and organizational structure exemplify culture's influence. A society that has or is developing a pro-innovation culture can perform better in the future, despite adverse macroconditions. In contrast, an anti-innovation culture hinders innovation and competitiveness, even if policymakers improve macroconditions.

Volume: 68

Issue: 7

From page no: 1436

To page no: 1438

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1016/J.JBUSRES.2015.01.029

Journal: Journal of Business Research

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