English title: More knowledge and research concerning the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals is needed

Author(s): Richard Bränström - Arjan van der Star -

Language: English

Type: Journal article

Year: 2015

Abstract

Reduction of health disparities is a fundamental goal of public health research and practice. During the past several years, public health policy and research have begun to address the substantial health disparities that exist between sexual minority [lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB)] and gender minority [transgender (T)], as compared with heterosexual, individuals.1 Today many governmental public health agencies call for policy and intervention programmes addressing specific needs of LGBT individuals, and call for increased funding of research examining health disparities based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and its determinants. Still, the public health consequences of discrimination towards LGBT individuals have only recently been a topic of investigation. Current research, although still limited, points to a much higher prevalence of certain health conditions among LGB people relative to heterosexuals.1,2 A meta-analysis found that sexual minorities are two-and-a-half times more likely to have a lifetime history of mental disorder compared with heterosexuals.3 With the noteworthy exception of HIV/AIDS, much less is known about sexual orientation disparities in physical health, but a number of recent studies have shown poorer physical health outcomes among LGB individuals relative to heterosexuals, including poorer self-reported general health, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and some types of cancers.

Volume: 26

Issue: 2

From page no: 208

To page no: 209

Refereed: Yes

DOI: 10.1093/EURPUB/CKV160

Journal: European Journal of Public Health